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Making Your Debtor Bankrupt

By: Lorna Elliott LLB (hons), Barrister - Updated: 23 Apr 2015 |
 
Bankruptcy Debtor Court Procedure

Making your debtor bankrupt should not be seen as a form of debt recovery, as there is no guarantee that you will get your money back. Bankruptcy fees are expensive and the process can be time consuming, so you should think very carefully before embarking on this procedure.

Debtor Unable to Pay Their Debts

In order to make your debtor bankrupt, the court will have to be satisfied that they are unable to pay their debts. There are several ways to prove this:

  • a debtor has not paid the debt after you issue them with a statutory demand; the statutory demand is for an amount that is in excess of £750; the debtor has not paid the debt; and has not applied for the statutory demand to be set aside.
  • A creditor has obtained a county court judgment against a debtor and the judgment has not been paid.

Presenting the Petition

There are only certain county courts in England and Wales that have the power – or jurisdiction – to hear bankruptcy petitions. In London, you have to present the petition in the High Court. You will normally petition for your debtor’s bankruptcy in the court that is closest to the debtor’s home, or the place where they have lived the most (or traded the most, in the case of a business) in the last six months.

As the petitioner you must complete the bankruptcy petition. These are available from the Insolvency Service website. You would use Form 6.7 if you have previously issued a statutory demand, or Form 6.9 if you have an unsatisfied county court judgment. It is very important that the information you provide on the petition is accurate, as you need to verify it with a ‘statement of truth.’ Providing false information is a criminal offence. You then file the petition at court, and three copies will be made. These copies are to be used as follows:

  • serve one on the debtor
  • attach another to your statement of truth which verifies the circumstances that have led to the petition
  • if the debtor is subject to an IVA, you will also need to serve a copy on the supervisor of the IVA.

You will have to pay a deposit and a court fee when you present the petition (approximately £790 plus solicitor’s fees, if you use one.)

The court will then set a date for when the petition will be heard. This is normally at least fourteen days after the debtor is served with the petition. Usually, the petition has to be served on the debtor personally. The debtor may then decide to oppose the petition. If they intend to do this, they have to serve their own document (verified with a statement of truth) at least five working days prior to the hearing date.

What Happens at the Hearing

At the hearing the debtor, you as the petitioner, any other creditors, and the supervisor of the IVA (if there is one) are all entitled to attend the bankruptcy hearing and have their case heard. The court can do one of four things:

  • make a bankruptcy order
  • stay the proceedings (delay or stop them)
  • postpone the hearing to another date or
  • dismiss the petition.

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Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
@Jac - If the company has ceased trading and has no assets then there really isn't much you can do. I think you would need to seek some legal advice.
Ali - 23-Apr-15 @ 11:31 AM
we have a county court judgement against a taxi firm. They have applied to have the judgement set aside next week. We have heard that they have sold the business to someone else. Does anyone know how this will affect us? They have not been in contact or offered any money to us. Any help would be appreciated Thank you Jan
jac - 21-Apr-15 @ 7:57 PM
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